The influence of play on the child’s development
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CHILD’S DEVELOPMENT IN PRE-SCHOOL AGE – THE INFLUENCE OF PLAY ON PHYSICAL, MENTAL, EMOTIONAL AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
The primary form of a child’s activity is play. It gives the opportunity to support and support the child’s development. “Thanks to it, it gets to know the world and social relations better and better, educates the mind and the ability to act effectively, satisfies the need for general activity, and creates positive emotional states.” Through play, the child learns to solve problems and resolves emotional tensions. In play, new relationships are created between real situations and imaginary situations.
“Fun” is a term used so freely that its real meaning could easily be lost. In fact, play means any activity that is done for fun, regardless of the end result. We proceed to it voluntarily, and not under the influence of any external force or pressure.
Play is an activity of children’s behavior, and also occurs in the lives of adults, although it manifests itself differently in both.
The problem of play as a child’s primary activity is widely considered in the field of psychology and pedagogy. There are many play theories in these sciences. Some of them are mutually exclusive. One of the most prominent historians of culture, Dutch scholar John Huizinga, defined “play as a voluntary, free activity or occupation performed within certain fixed boundaries of time and space according to voluntarily accepted but binding rules.
”According to J. Huizing, it is an end in itself, it is not connected with any material interests, because it cannot be used for benefits, but it is accompanied by feelings of tension, joy and awareness of being different from everyday life.
Play is the basic structure of the activity of a preschool child.
According to E. Claparede, “for a child, play is work, good, duty and life ideal.” “It is the only atmosphere in which it can mentally breathe and therefore act.” There are also Poles among contemporary psychologists dealing with the issue of play. We can mention here: Stefan Szuman, Władysław Jan Dyner, Zofia Topińska, Wincenty Okoń and Krystyna Tyborowska.
By analyzing the given definitions, we can distinguish the following features of the game:
- pleasure and joy in performing activities,
- voluntary participation,
- getting to know new values and information,
- creating a separate world of fiction,
- meeting various human needs.