Students with chronic diseases
Chronically ill students whose health condition allows them to attend mainstream schools, including integrated schools, have the opportunity to benefit from various forms of psychological and pedagogical help in schools in connection with their illnesses.
Bearing in mind the possibility of supporting students in their development by adapting the forms of didactic work, content, methods and organization of teaching to their psychophysical abilities and providing them with various forms of psychological and pedagogical support at school, the head of the school / institution should:
- obtain from the parents (legal guardians) of the student detailed information about his disease and the resulting limitations in functioning;
- oblige teachers to obtain knowledge about this disease, incl. by analyzing the publications from the One series, they are among us, given to schools by education offices throughout Poland;
- organize training of the teaching staff and other employees of the school / facility in dealing with a sick child – on a daily basis and in the event of exacerbation of symptoms or disease attack;
- in consultation with the school nurse or doctor, together with the school / institution employees, develop procedures for dealing with each sick student, both on a daily basis and in the event of exacerbation of symptoms or disease attack.
- together with teachers and specialists employed in the school / institution and in cooperation with a psychological and pedagogical counseling center, adapt the forms and methods of didactic work, and the organization of teaching to the psychophysical abilities of this student, as well as provide them with various forms of psychological and pedagogical assistance;
- make efforts to organize preventive health care for students in the school / institution.
When working with a chronically ill student, the teacher should pay attention to
- the type of disease and the effect of drugs on the body
- proper organization of the student’s working time at school (the need for breaks) and at home (it is especially important to know how much time the student can spend on homework, and how much time must be spent on rest),
- symptoms of less well-being and sudden deterioration of health, and learn about the method of providing help
- the need to provide assistance in catching up with absenteeism
difficulties related to slower functioning of cognitive processes: attention, memory, and slower operation of the visual and auditory analyzer,
- difficulties related to weaker physical capacity, causing faster fatigue as well as more frequent occurrence of secondary somatic disorders,
- difficulties related to poor integration with the class team, leading to the child’s loneliness
- providing help in entering a peer group (chronically ill students are often pushed to the margins of the class, and the greater the severity of the disease and the severity of its symptoms, the worse the integration with healthy peers.